To be an active reader, instead of reading from the top to the bottom, previewing a text before you read it is the way we examine the content and organization.

Why it is useful when we preview a text before reading

  1. First of all, previewing helps you define if the text is relevant to the topic that you are looking for. For example, you are doing research to find out some information about causes and effects of global warming. By previewing the text, you may know you should keep reading it or not.
  2. Secondly, you can read faster by identifying passages that you must focus on versus those that you can skim or skip.
  3. Finally, getting familiar to a text before you read may help you comprehend the main ideas and engage with the text better.

There are some strategies that you can follow:

  1. Run your eyes quickly over

+Title (topic)


+Visuals, photo and it’s caption

2. Examine abstract, introduction and conclusion (research)

3. Skim (read quickly) first couple of sentences of each paragraph, words with capital letters or numbers.

(You can take mental notes or written notes.)

4. Read with purposes by forming some questions:

Think of “Who, What, Where, When, Why, and How” questions.

For example:

+ What this passage/ reading is about?

+What I already know about this topic?

+ What I want to know from this reading?

Ultimate Reading Skills| Episode 1: Techniques before reading a passage


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