IELTS Cambridge book 8, test 1.

Reading Passage 3: Telepathy

IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary
IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary

IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary

  1. Telepathy: communication of thoughts or feelings from one person to another without using speech, writing, or any other normal method.

Synonym: ability to know another’s thoughts

  1. Controversy (n): public discussion and argument about something that many people strongly disagree about.

Synonym: debate, dispute, argument

Ex: Telepathy still sparks bitter controversy among top academics.

  1. Parapsychology: the study of mental powers that seem to exist but that cannot be explained by scientific knowledge.

Synonym: ability to know another’s thoughts.

  1. Concur on (v)

Synonym: agree on, approve

  1. Sceptics (n): a person who maintains a doubting attitude, as toward values, plans, statements, or the character of others.

Synonym: Questioner, detractor

  1. Advocate (n) person supporting an idea or cause publicly

Synonym: supporter, promoter

  1. Sceptics and advocate: relate to people with many different attitudes (question 27: researchers with differing attitudes towards telepathy agree on…)
  2. Faint (adj) that cannot be clearly seen, heard or smell

Synonym: having little effect on senses

Ex: telepathy might involve ‘signals’ passing between people that were so faint.

  1. Sensory leakage : is a term used to refer to information that transferred to a person by conventional means (other than Psi) during an experiment into Psi.
  2. Outright fraud: Scam
  3. Minimise (v) to reduce something, especially something bad, to the lowest possible level.

Synonym: make smaller; underrate, reduce

(Related to ‘limit’ in question 36)

  1. A meta-analysis: is a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies.
  2. Remain (v) continue to be something; to be still in the same state or condition

Synonym: stay, wait, endure, last

  1. Disturb (v) interrupt somebody when they are trying to work, sleep, etc

Synonym: bother, upset, distract, interrupt.

Ex: Some parapsychologists remain disturbed by the lack of consistency between individual ganzfield studies.

  1. Consistency (n) the quality of always behaving in the same way or of having the same opinions, standard, etc
  2. Change (v) something made different

Synonym: Alter (related to question 29 ( Attitudes to parapsychology would alter drastically with…)

  1. Drastically (adv) in an extreme way that has a sudden, serious or violent effect on something.

Synonym: greatly, intensely, uncommonly, totally

  1. Esoteric (adj) likely to be understood or enjoyed by only a few people with a special knowledge or interest.

Synonym: mysterious, obscure

Ex: many theories focus on esoteric ideas from theoretical physics.

  1. Atom (n) the smallest particle (1) of a chemical element that can exist
  2. Entanglement (n) the act of becoming entangled in something; the state of being entangled.

Synonym: complication, predicament

Ex: Physicists have demonstrated entanglement with specially prepared atoms, no-one knows if it also exists between atoms making up human minds.

  1. Hit rate = success rate (related to question 30: recent autoganzield trials suggest that success rates will improve with…)
  2. Flaw (n) a mistake in something that means that it is not correct or does not work correctly.

Synonym: issue, problem, weakness.

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