IELTS Cambridge book 8, test 1.
Reading Passage 3: Telepathy
IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary
- Telepathy: communication of thoughts or feelings from one person to another without using speech, writing, or any other normal method.
Synonym: ability to know another’s thoughts
- Controversy (n): public discussion and argument about something that many people strongly disagree about.
Synonym: debate, dispute, argument
Ex: Telepathy still sparks bitter controversy among top academics.
- Parapsychology: the study of mental powers that seem to exist but that cannot be explained by scientific knowledge.
Synonym: ability to know another’s thoughts.
- Concur on (v)
Synonym: agree on, approve
- Sceptics (n): a person who maintains a doubting attitude, as toward values, plans, statements, or the character of others.
Synonym: Questioner, detractor
- Advocate (n) person supporting an idea or cause publicly
Synonym: supporter, promoter
- Sceptics and advocate: relate to people with many different attitudes (question 27: researchers with differing attitudes towards telepathy agree on…)
- Faint (adj) that cannot be clearly seen, heard or smell
Synonym: having little effect on senses
Ex: telepathy might involve ‘signals’ passing between people that were so faint.
- Sensory leakage : is a term used to refer to information that transferred to a person by conventional means (other than Psi) during an experiment into Psi.
- Outright fraud: Scam
- Minimise (v) to reduce something, especially something bad, to the lowest possible level.
Synonym: make smaller; underrate, reduce
(Related to ‘limit’ in question 36)
- A meta-analysis: is a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies.
- Remain (v) continue to be something; to be still in the same state or condition
Synonym: stay, wait, endure, last
- Disturb (v) interrupt somebody when they are trying to work, sleep, etc
Synonym: bother, upset, distract, interrupt.
Ex: Some parapsychologists remain disturbed by the lack of consistency between individual ganzfield studies.
- Consistency (n) the quality of always behaving in the same way or of having the same opinions, standard, etc
- Change (v) something made different
Synonym: Alter (related to question 29 ( Attitudes to parapsychology would alter drastically with…)
- Drastically (adv) in an extreme way that has a sudden, serious or violent effect on something.
Synonym: greatly, intensely, uncommonly, totally
- Esoteric (adj) likely to be understood or enjoyed by only a few people with a special knowledge or interest.
Synonym: mysterious, obscure
Ex: many theories focus on esoteric ideas from theoretical physics.
- Atom (n) the smallest particle (1) of a chemical element that can exist
- Entanglement (n) the act of becoming entangled in something; the state of being entangled.
Synonym: complication, predicament
Ex: Physicists have demonstrated entanglement with specially prepared atoms, no-one knows if it also exists between atoms making up human minds.
- Hit rate = success rate (related to question 30: recent autoganzield trials suggest that success rates will improve with…)
- Flaw (n) a mistake in something that means that it is not correct or does not work correctly.
Synonym: issue, problem, weakness.
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