IELTS Cambridge book 8, test 2.
Reading Passage 1: Sheet glass manufacture: the float process
IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary
- Harden (v) to become or make something become firm, stiff or solid.
Ex: Glass will harden when slowly cooled
- Stay (v) to continue to be in a particular state or situation
Synonym: remain (related to question 2: Glass remained unblemished)
- Unblemished (adj) not spoiled, damaged or marked in any way.
Synonym: not flawed, intact, undamaged.
- This method was very effective = advantage
- However (adv) used to introduce a statement that contrasts with something that has just been said.
àDisadvantage (related question 3)
- Taking a long time = slow
- Intensive (adj) involving a lot of work or activity done in a short time.
Ex: The process took a long time and was labour intensive. (Question 3)
- Virtually any = varying (question 4: could produce glass sheets of varying thickness)
- Pour (v) to make a liquid or other substance flow from a container in a continuous stream.
Synonym: be or make flowing.
- Transport (n)
Synonym: movement, transfer
- Today = now (related to question 12: the process invented by Pilkington has now been improved)
- Flaw = fault (related to question 13: computers are better than humans at detecting faults in glass)
- Detect (v): detect something to discover or notice something, especially something that is not easy to see, hear, etc.
Related to ‘locating’ in the last paragraph
- Unaided (adj) without help from anyone or anything.
Ex: Technology can locate flaws that unaided eye would be unable to see.
- Instant (adj) happening immediately.
Synonym: immediate, urgent
(Related to question 11: Pilkington’s first full-scale plant was an instant commercial success.)
- Melt (v) to become or make something become liquid as a result of heating.
Synonym: liquefy; dissolve.
Ex: Her trusting smile melted his heart.
- Roller (n) a piece of wood, metal or plastic, shaped like a tube, that rolls over and over and is used in machines, for example, to make something flat, or to move something.
- Tinted (adj) having a small amount of colour added.
Ex: tinted glasses
- Coated (adj) thickly covered
Ex: coated glasses
- Polish (v) rubbing a surface to make it smooth and shiny.
Ex: You’ll need to give your shoes a good polish.
True/ False/ Not given
If the text agrees with or confirms the information in the statement, the answer is TRUE
If the text contradicts or is the opposite to the information in the statement, the answer is FALSE
If there is no information or it is impossible to know, the answer is NOT GIVEN
Question 9: The metal used in the float process had to have specific properties
It’s true because:
In the third paragraph, its mentioned that ‘metal had to melt at a temperature less than 600oC, but could not boil at a temperature below 1500oC’
-Having specific properties.
Question 10: Pilkington invested some of his own money in his float plant.
It’s ‘not given’ because:
In the fourth paragraph ( Pilkington built a pilot plant…), it just mentioned that he convinced his company to build a full-scale plant, not his own money.
Question 11: Pilkington’s first full-scale plant was an instant commercial success.
It’s false because:
It took him 14 months to success, not instant.
Question 12: The process invented by Pilkington has now been improved.
It’s true because:
Today = now
It adds up to a continuous melting process = the process has been improved.
Question 13: Computers are better than humans at detecting faults in a glass.
It is true because:
The computer can locate (=detect) flaws (=faults) that unaided eye would unable to see.
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