IELTS Cambridge book 8, test 2.

Reading Passage 2: The little ice age.

IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary
IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary

IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary

  1. The Little Ice Age: a period of colder climate and increased glaciation occurring between warmer periods, in particular, one such period which reached its peak during the 17th century.
  2. Embark on/upon something (phrasal verb): to start to do something new or difficult.

Ex: Before we embark on it, let me provide a historical context.

  1. Oppose to (v) to disagree strongly with somebody’s plan, policy, etc. and try to change it or prevent it from succeeding.

Synonym: argue, fight, obstruct.

  1. At the mercy of somebody/something (idiom) not able to stop somebody/something harming you because they have power or control over you.

Ex: We were at the mercy of the weather.

Humanity has been at mercy of climate change for its entire existence.

  1. Ancestor (n) a person in your family who lived a long time ago.

Synonym: predecessor in family, forebear.

  1. Famine (n) lack of food during a long period of time in a region.

Synonym: starvation, poverty.

  1. Current = today
  2. Climate events = weather
  3. Unprecedented (adj): that has never happened, been done or been known before.

Ex: The situation is unprecedented in modern times.

  1. Drought (n) a long period of time when there is little or no rain.

Synonym: dryness; shortage of supply.

  1. Storm (n) very bad weather with strong winds and rain, and often thunder and lightning.

Synonym: strong weather

  1. Observation (n) the act of watching somebody/something carefully for a period of time, especially to learn something.

Ex: results based on scientific observations

  1. Tree rings (n) each of a number of concentric rings in the cross-section of a tree trunk, representing a single year’s growth.
  2. Ice cores (n) Ice cores are cylinders of ice drilled from glaciers and ice sheets. When snow falls it takes with it a record of many aspects of the atmosphere.
  3. A century = 100 years, ten centuries = one thousand years.
  4. Voyager (n) a person who goes on a long journey, especially by ship to unknown parts of the world.
  5. Offshore (adv) in the sea, not far from the land.
  6. Agriculture = farming
  7. Self-sufficient (adj) able to do or produce everything that you need without the help of other people.

Synonym: self- supporting, enough food.

  1. Grain (n) the small hard seeds of food plants such as wheat, rice, etc.; a single seed of such a plant.
  2. Livestock (n) the animals kept on a farm, for example, cows or sheep.
  3. Migration (n) the movement of large numbers of people, birds or animals from one place to another.
  4. Vast (adj) extremely large in area, size, amount, etc.

Ex: there was a vast migration from Europe by a land-hungry farmer and others.

  1. Millions of hectares of forest and woodland fell = trees were cut down.
  2. Consistent freezing = a deep freeze.
  3. Written accounts = documentation
  4. Discover = explore
  5. Very = intensely
  6. Incomplete = limit

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