IELTS Cambridge book 8, test 2.
Reading Passage 2: The little ice age.
IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary
- The Little Ice Age: a period of colder climate and increased glaciation occurring between warmer periods, in particular, one such period which reached its peak during the 17th century.
- Embark on/upon something (phrasal verb): to start to do something new or difficult.
Ex: Before we embark on it, let me provide a historical context.
- Oppose to (v) to disagree strongly with somebody’s plan, policy, etc. and try to change it or prevent it from succeeding.
Synonym: argue, fight, obstruct.
- At the mercy of somebody/something (idiom) not able to stop somebody/something harming you because they have power or control over you.
Ex: We were at the mercy of the weather.
Humanity has been at mercy of climate change for its entire existence.
- Ancestor (n) a person in your family who lived a long time ago.
Synonym: predecessor in family, forebear.
- Famine (n) lack of food during a long period of time in a region.
Synonym: starvation, poverty.
- Current = today
- Climate events = weather
- Unprecedented (adj): that has never happened, been done or been known before.
Ex: The situation is unprecedented in modern times.
- Drought (n) a long period of time when there is little or no rain.
Synonym: dryness; shortage of supply.
- Storm (n) very bad weather with strong winds and rain, and often thunder and lightning.
Synonym: strong weather
- Observation (n) the act of watching somebody/something carefully for a period of time, especially to learn something.
Ex: results based on scientific observations
- Tree rings (n) each of a number of concentric rings in the cross-section of a tree trunk, representing a single year’s growth.
- Ice cores (n) Ice cores are cylinders of ice drilled from glaciers and ice sheets. When snow falls it takes with it a record of many aspects of the atmosphere.
- A century = 100 years, ten centuries = one thousand years.
- Voyager (n) a person who goes on a long journey, especially by ship to unknown parts of the world.
- Offshore (adv) in the sea, not far from the land.
- Agriculture = farming
- Self-sufficient (adj) able to do or produce everything that you need without the help of other people.
Synonym: self- supporting, enough food.
- Grain (n) the small hard seeds of food plants such as wheat, rice, etc.; a single seed of such a plant.
- Livestock (n) the animals kept on a farm, for example, cows or sheep.
- Migration (n) the movement of large numbers of people, birds or animals from one place to another.
- Vast (adj) extremely large in area, size, amount, etc.
Ex: there was a vast migration from Europe by a land-hungry farmer and others.
- Millions of hectares of forest and woodland fell = trees were cut down.
- Consistent freezing = a deep freeze.
- Written accounts = documentation
- Discover = explore
- Very = intensely
- Incomplete = limit
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