Active: The active voice describes a sentence where a subject does an action to an object
E.g: Somebody stole my laptop
S V O
Passive: The passive voice is used when we want to emphasize the action (the verb) and the object of a sentence rather than subject. This means that the subject is either less important than the action itself or that we don’t know who or what the subject is.
E.g: My laptop was stolen (by somebody)
S be V3/ed
E.g: John invited Fiona to his birthday party last night.
➤ Fiona was invited to John’s birthday party last month
Her mother is preparing the dinner in the kitchen.
➤ The dinner is being prepared (by her mother) in the kitchen.
She gave me an apple yesterday.
=> I was given an apple yesterday.
=> An apple was given to me yesterday.
Her mother bought her a book yesterday.
=> She was bought a book yesterday.
=> A book was bought for her yesterday.
- Passive Voice Rules for All Tenses
|Present Simple||S + V(s/es) + O||S + am/is/are + V3/ed|
|Present Continuous||S + am/is/are + V-ing + O||S + am/is/are + being + V3/ed|
|Present Perfect||S + have/has + V3/ed + O||S + have/has + been + V3/ed|
|Past Simple||S + V2/ed + O||S + was/were + V3/ed|
|Past Continuous||S + was/were + V-ing + O||S + was/were + being + V3/ed|
|Past Perfect||S + had + V3/ed + O||S + had + been + V3/ed|
|Future Simple||S + will + V-inf + O||S + will + be + V3/ed|
|Future Perfect||S + will + have + V3/ed + O||S + will + have + been + V3/ed|
|S + am/is/are going to + V-inf + O||S + am/is/are going to + be + V3/ed|
| (Modal verb) |
(Can, could, would,
should, may, might,
need, must, ought to, have to,…)
|S + MV + V-inf + O||S + MV + be + V3/ed|
- Passive voice with command
– Close the door!
– Open the book!
|Clean the floor!||>||The floor should be cleaned|
|Turn on the lights!||>||The lights should be turned on.|
- Have sb do st => have st done (by sb): Ask somebody to do/ help
– I have the hairdresser cut my hair every month.
=> I have my hair cut by the hairdresser every month.
- Get sb to do st => get st done (by sb)
- – She got her father turn on the TV.
=> She got the TV turned on by her father.
- Make sb do st => Make st done (by sb)
– I made my son clean the floor.
=> I made the floor cleaned by my son.
- Let sb do st => Let st done (by sb)
My father let me cook the dinner yesterday
=> My father let the dinner cooked (by me) yesterday
You can also find out IELTS resources here .