THE GROWTH OF BIKE-SHARING SCHEMES AROUND THE WORLD

General strategies:

We only have around 20 minutes for each passage, so you do not have to read all. It’s a good idea if you read the questions and highlight keywords to get the general idea about the text.

Then based on keywords, you should skim and scan to find the location of the answers.

For some types of questions such as matching heading or information matching, you should answer those last.

Questions 19 and 20

Choose TWO letters, A-E.

Write the correct letters in boxes 19 and 20 on your answer sheet.

Which TWO of the following statements are made in the text about the Amsterdam bike-sharing scheme of 1999?

–> We have keywords: Amsterdam bike-sharing scheme and 1999.

     A. It was initially opposed by a government department.

     B. It failed when a partner in the scheme withdrew support.

     C. It aimed to be more successful than the Copenhagen scheme.

     D. It was made possible by a change in people’s attitudes.

     E. It attracted interest from a range of bike designers.

You can use scanning technique to find out which paragraphs concluding keywords (paragraph D and E)

  1. It was initially opposed by a government department.

In paragraph C, we have “the council unanimously rejected the plan”

The council = government; rejected = opposed. àA could be the answer. But that plan was not presented in 1999. –> wrong.

  • It failed when a partner in the scheme withdrew support.

In paragraph E, postbank = partner; abolish the chip card = withdrew support –> right

  • It aimed to be more successful than the Copenhagen scheme.

In paragraph C, it is said that the Copenhagen scheme was successful, but there is no comparison between 2 schemes.
–> Wrong

  • It was made possible by a change in people’s attitudes.

In paragraph D “people had become more environmenttaly consious”
–> Right

  • It attracted interest from a range of bike designers.

In paragraph E, it mentions Theo Molenaar as a designer not a range of bike designers.
–> wrong.

Questions 21 and 22

Choose TWO letters, A-E.

Write the correct letters in boxes 21 and 22 on your answer sheet.

Which TWO of the following statements are made in the text about Amsterdam today?


–> Keyword: Amsterdam today


–> Scan and find paragraph G

Paragraph G
  1. The majority of residents would like to prevent all cars from entering the city.

It is said that “ people prepared to give their lives to keeps cars, nothing relating to prevent all cars from entering the city. à Wrong.

  • There is little likelihood of the city having another bike-sharing scheme.

No information about other scheme.–> wrong.

  • More trips in the city are made by bike than by any other form of transport.

There is no comparison in this paragraph.
–> wrong.

  • A bike-sharing scheme would benefit residents who use public transport.

“Travel on underground” = use public transport; “need additional transport to reach their final destination” = would benefit residents. à right.

  • The city has a reputation as a place that welcomes cyclists.

“Amsterdam is regarded as”= has a reputation; “cycle-friendly” = welcomes cyclists.
–> right.

Questions 23 – 26

Complete the summary below. Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 23-26 on your answer sheet.

The first urban bike-sharing scheme

  • Keywords: the first = The original idea (paragraph A)
    • Provo (paragraph A, B)

The first bike-sharing scheme was the idea of the Dutch group Provo. The people who belonged to this group were (23)…….…………. They were concerned about damage to the environment and about (24)…….……………, and believed that the bike-sharing scheme would draw attention to these issues. As well as painting some bikes white, they handed out (25)………….………. that condemned the use of cars.

However, the scheme was not a great success: almost as quickly as Provo left the bikes around the city, the (26)………..……….. took them away. According to Schimmelpennink, the scheme was intended to be symbolic. The idea was to get people thinking about the issues.

*The first bike-sharing scheme was the idea of the Dutch group Provo. The people who belonged to this group were (23)…activists….………….

Q23

*They were concerned about damage to the environment and about (24)…consumerism…………, and believed that the bike-sharing scheme would draw attention to these issues.

Q24

*As well as painting some bikes white, they handed out (25)………leafets….………. that condemned the use of cars.

Q25

*However, the scheme was not a great success: almost as quickly as Provo left the bikes around the city, the (26)………police ….. took them away. According to Schimmelpennink, the scheme was intended to be symbolic. The idea was to get people thinking about the issues.

Q26

Questions 14 – 18

The Reading Passage has seven paragraphs, A-G.  Which paragraph contains the following information?

 Write the correct letter, A-G, in boxes 14-18 on your answer sheet.

 NB You may use any letter more than once.

14.  a description of how people misused a bike-sharing scheme

Paragraph E

15.  an explanation of why a proposed bike-sharing scheme was turned down.

16.  a reference to a person being unable to profit from their work


Paragraph F

17.  an explanation of the potential savings a bike-sharing scheme would bring


Paragraph C

18.  a reference to the problems a bike-sharing scheme was intended to solve


Paragraph A

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here