VOCABULARY YOU MUST KNOW IN IELTS CAMBRIDGE READING TEST BOOK 8 TEST 1

Reading Passage 2: AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL IN THE USA

IELTS Cambridge Reading vocabulary

IELTS cambridge Reading vocabulary
IELTS cambridge Reading vocabulary
  1. An accident: an unpleasant event, especially in a vehicle, that happens unexpectedly and causes injury or damage.

Synonyms: trouble, disaster (Question 14+ heading ii: Aviation disaster prompts action)

  1. Aviation (n): the designing, building, and flying of aircraft

Synonym: flying an aircraft, air transportation,

  1. Congested (with something): crowded; full of traffic

Ex: FAA regulate and oversee the operation of aircraft in the skies over the United States, which were becoming quite congested.

  1. Metropolitan (Adj) connected with a large or capital city

Metropolitan area = city, urban, cosmopolitan city.

  1. Fortuitous (adj): happening by chance, especially a lucky chance that brings a good result.

Synonym: lucky, accidental, incidental, coincidental (question 15: iii- two coincidental developments)

  1. Jet engine: an engine that drives an aircraft forwards by pushing out a stream of gases behind it.

Ex: Jet engine resulted in a large number of very fast planes.

  1. Incomplete: not having everything that it should have

= Oversimplified view (question 16: v- an oversimplified view)

  1. Altitude: the height above sea level

Synonym: height in the sky, distance

(Related to question 17: iv- setting altitude zones)

  1. Meteorological condition: connected with the earth’s atmosphere and its changes, especially in the way they affect the weather.

Related to question 18: viii-setting rules to weather conditions.

  1. Several different types = categories ( Question 19:viii- defining airspace categories)
  2. Vicinity (n): the area around a particular place

Ex: Controlled airspace is not in the vicinity of an airport.

  1. Designate (v): to choose or name somebody for a particular job or position.

Synonym: name, entitle, label, call.

Ex: All airspace above 5000m is designated class A.

  1. Respective (adj): belonging or relating separately to each of the people or things already mentioned.
  2. Possess (v): possess something (formal) to have or own something.

Synonym: have or obtain

  1. Instrument rating: Instrument rating refers to the qualifications that a pilot must have in order to fly under instrument flight rules (IFR).
  2. Rudimentary (a) dealing with only the most basic matters or ideas

Synonym: basic, fundamental

Ex: The system remained rudimentary.

  1. Bound: forced to do something by law, duty or a particular situation.

Ex: Pilots are bound by fewer regulations.

  1. explicit (adj):  clear and easy to understand

Synonym: specific, unambiguous

  1. Average-sized = medium
  2. Disobey (v) disobey (somebody/something) to refuse to do what a person, a law, an order, etc. tells you to do; to refuse to obey.

(Related to heading i- disobeying FAA regulations).

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