IELTS Cambridge book 8, test 1

Reading Passage 1: A chronicle of timekeeping.

IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary
IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary

IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary

  1. co-ordinate communal activities: mean community event that belongs to or joined by a group of people rather than one single person (= Public events- question 8: They created a calendar to organise public events and work schedules.)
  2. The Equator is a line which is not real drawn around a sphere or planet, such as the Earth.
  3. Waxing and waning: wax means to get bigger/increase, wane means to get smaller/decrease. It is a phrase that’s usually used in the phases of the moon.
  4. Conspicuous: something that is obvious or easy to see.

Synonym: evident, noticeable, visible, clear

  1. Latitudes: the position north or south of the equator measured from 0° to 90°
    (Related to the importance of geography in question 2: an explanation of the importance of geography in the development of the calendar in farming communities)
  2. Agriculture: art and business of farming and ranching.

Synonym: Farming, cultivation

(Related to ‘farming’ question 2 an explanation of the importance of geography in the development of the calendar in farming communities)

  1. Crucial = important, essential
  2. Municipal calendar = civil calendar (question 5: They devised a civil calendar in which the months were equal in length.)
  3. 12 months of 30 days: the same meaning “the months were equal length (question 5: They devised a civil calendar in which the months were equal in length.)
  4. Disseminate: Spread over a large area of a body, tissue, or organ

Synonym: distribute, scatter

  1. The first water clock = early timekeeping invention (question 1: a description of an early timekeeping invention affected by cold temperatures)
  2. Freezing = cold (question 1: a description of an early timekeeping invention affected by cold temperatures)
  3. Counting = calculate (question 4: details of the simultaneous efforts of different societies to calculate time using uniform hours)
  4. Split = divide (question 6: They divided the day into two equal halves.)

  1. Split the day into 12-hour periods = the day was divided in two equal halves (question 6: They divided the day into two equal halves.)
  2. Devise: to plan or create by thinking through

Synonym: Create, invent, design

By the 16th century, a pendulum clock had been devised = origin of the pendulum clock (question 3 a description of the origins of the pendulum clock)

  1. A level-based device shaped like a ship’s anchor (related to ‘a new cabinet shape’ in question 7: They developed a new cabinet shape for a type of timekeeper.)
  2. a quartz-crystal clock
  3. Plan the shipment of goods and regulate planting and harvesting= work schedules (question 8: They created a calendar to organise public events and work schedules.)
  4. Be shaped like = Resemble (Question 9)

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