IELTS Cambridge book 8, test 2.
Passage 3: The meaning and power of smell.
IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary
- Conduct (v) conduct something (formal) to organize and/or do a particular activity
Ex: to conduct an experiment or a survey.
Synonym: administer, handle, direct
- Evoke something (formal) to bring a feeling, a memory or an image into your mind.
Ex: The music evoked memories of her youth.
Smell can evoke strong emotional responses.
- Emotional response = feeling (related to Vii: the relationship between smell and feelings)
- Scent (n) the pleasant smell that something has.
Ex: The air was filled with the scent of wild flowers.
These flowers have no scent.
Synonym: smell, aroma, odor, odour
- Associate with (v) to make a connection between people or things in your mind
Ex: I always associate the smell of baking with my childhood.
Synonym: connect in the mind, link
“ A scent associated with a good experience can bring a rush of joy..”à relationship between smell and feelings.
- Foul (adj) dirty and smelling bad
Ex: A foul odour associated with a bad memory may make us grimace with disgut.
Synonym: disgusting, dirty
- Grimace (v) to make an ugly expression with your face to show pain, disgust, etc.
Synonym: make a pained expression
- Olfactory (n) the sense of smell
- Cue (n) an action or event that is a signal for somebody to do something
Ex: Odour are also essential cues in social bonding.
Synonym: clue, suggestion, hint
- Social bonding (n) the process of forming a special relationship with somebody or with a group of people in society.
= relationship (related to ii: the role of smell in personal relationships.)
- Distinguish (v) to recognize the difference between two people or things.
Synonym: tell the difference, analyze, differentiate.
- Sensory (adj) connected with your physical senses
Ex: sensory organs.
- Undervaluate (v) undervalue somebody/something to not recognize how good, valuable or important somebody/something really is.
Ex: Education is currently undervalued in this country.
Synonym: depreciate, underestimate, underrate.
= not appreciated (related to vi: why our sense of smell is not appreciated)
- Feeble (adj) very weak
- Acute (adj) very sensitive and well developed.
Ex: Dogs have an acute sense of smell.
Synonym: keen, intense.
- Phenomenon (n) a fact or an event in nature or society, especially one that is not fully understood.
Ex: Globalization is a phenomenon of the 21st century.
- Elusive (adj) difficult to find, define or achieve.
Ex: smell is a highly elusive phenomenon.
Synonym: evasive, mysterious.
- Struggling to express our olfactory experience = difficulties of talking about smells.
- Realm (n) an area of activity, interest, or knowledge.
Ex: Realm of olfaction.
Synonym: field, domain.
- Fundamental (adj) serious and very important; affecting the most central and important parts of something.
Synonym: basic, important.
- Component (n) one of several parts of which something is made.
Synonym: part, element.
- Inevitably (adv) as is certain to happen.
Synonym: unavoidably, surely.
- Offensive (adj) rude in a way that causes you to feel upset, insulted or annoyed.
Synonym: disrespectful, insulting; displeasing, annoying.
Ex: Smells that are considered to be offensive in some cultures may be perfectly acceptable in others.
- Intimate (adj) (of people) having a close and friendly relationship.
Synonym: adj friendly, devoted.
- Distinguish = define
- Other cultures = groups ( related to V: the interpretation of smells as a factor in defining groups).
- Realise (v) = be/ become aware: to understand or become aware of a particular fact or situation.
- Impaired (adj) damaged or not functioning normally. (related to question 33)
- Test = experiment (related to question 34)
- Even when not consciously considered = ‘without realizing it’
- Essential (adj) = very important
- Marriage partners = husbands and wives (question 37)
- Not exist = lack of (question 38)
- Odourless = do not smell (question 39)
- Regard (v) to think about somebody/something in a particular way.
Synonym: consider ( related to question 40)
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