IELTS Cambridge book 8, test 2.

Passage 3: The meaning and power of smell.

IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary
IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary

IELTS Cambridge reading vocabulary

Paragraph A

  1. Conduct (v)  conduct something (formal) to organize and/or do a particular activity

Ex: to conduct an experiment or a survey.

Synonym: administer, handle, direct

  1. Evoke something (formal) to bring a feeling, a memory or an image into your mind.

Ex: The music evoked memories of her youth.

Smell can evoke strong emotional responses.

  1. Emotional response = feeling (related to Vii: the relationship between smell and feelings)
  2. Scent (n) the pleasant smell that something has.

Ex: The air was filled with the scent of wild flowers.

These flowers have no scent.

Synonym: smell, aroma, odor, odour

  1. Associate with (v) to make a connection between people or things in your mind

Ex: I always associate the smell of baking with my childhood.

Synonym: connect in the mind, link

“ A scent associated with a good experience can bring a rush of joy..”à relationship between smell and feelings.

  1. Foul (adj) dirty and smelling bad

Ex: A foul odour associated with a bad memory may make us grimace with disgut.

Synonym: disgusting, dirty

  1. Grimace (v) to make an ugly expression with your face to show pain, disgust, etc.

Synonym: make a pained expression

  1. Olfactory (n) the sense of smell

Paragraph B:

  1. Cue (n) an action or event that is a signal for somebody to do something

Ex: Odour are also essential cues in social bonding.

Synonym: clue, suggestion, hint

  1. Social bonding (n) the process of forming a special relationship with somebody or with a group of people in society.

= relationship (related to ii: the role of smell in personal relationships.)

  1. Distinguish (v) to recognize the difference between two people or things.

Synonym: tell the difference, analyze, differentiate.

 Paragraph C

  1. Sensory (adj) connected with your physical senses

Ex: sensory organs.

  1. Undervaluate (v) undervalue somebody/something to not recognize how good, valuable or important somebody/something really is.

Ex: Education is currently undervalued in this country.

Synonym: depreciate, underestimate, underrate.

= not appreciated (related to vi: why our sense of smell is not appreciated)

  1. Feeble (adj) very weak
  2. Acute (adj)  very sensitive and well developed.

Ex: Dogs have an acute sense of smell.

Synonym: keen, intense.

Paragraph D

  1. Phenomenon (n) a fact or an event in nature or society, especially one that is not fully understood.

Ex: Globalization is a phenomenon of the 21st century.

  1. Elusive (adj) difficult to find, define or achieve.

Ex: smell is a highly elusive phenomenon.

Synonym:  evasive, mysterious.

  1. Struggling to express our olfactory experience = difficulties of talking about smells.
  2. Realm (n) an area of activity, interest, or knowledge.

Ex: Realm of olfaction.

Synonym: field, domain.

Paragraph E

  1. Fundamental (adj) serious and very important; affecting the most central and important parts of something.

Synonym: basic, important.

  1. Component (n) one of several parts of which something is made.

Synonym: part, element.

  1. Inevitably (adv) as is certain to happen.

Synonym: unavoidably, surely.

Paragraph F

  1. Offensive (adj) rude in a way that causes you to feel upset, insulted or annoyed.

Synonym: disrespectful, insulting; displeasing, annoying.

Ex: Smells that are considered to be offensive in some cultures may be perfectly acceptable in others.

  1. Intimate (adj) (of people) having a close and friendly relationship.

Synonym: adj friendly, devoted.

  1. Distinguish = define
  2. Other cultures = groups ( related to V: the interpretation of smells as a factor in defining groups).
  3. Realise (v) = be/ become aware: to understand or become aware of a particular fact or situation.
  4. Impaired (adj) damaged or not functioning normally. (related to question 33)
  5. Test = experiment (related to question 34)
  6. Even when not consciously considered = ‘without realizing it’
  7. Essential (adj) = very important
  8. Marriage partners = husbands and wives (question 37)
  9. Not exist = lack of (question 38)
  10. Odourless = do not smell (question 39)
  11. Regard (v) to think about somebody/something in a particular way.

Synonym: consider ( related to question 40)

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